Genital Warts Treatment: Surgical Removal of Genital Warts
Surgical removal of genital warts is usually the last resort to genital warts treatment. If you've been diagnosed with genital warts and you've tried alternative treatments as well as medical creams, and nothing has worked, you may be looking into surgical removal or your genial warts.
While no single treatment is completely effective in eliminating genital warts or preventing their recurrence, surgical removal is the most successful method at removing the warts. It is the most expensive, drastic, and painful treatment. However it is also the quickest way remove genital warts, offering the highest success rate and lowes recurrence rate.
Genital warts canbe surgically treated when the warts are small in size or number. This treatment method will most often follow treatment with presription cream. Surgical removal of genital warts is normally done in the doctor's office with local anesthesia. There are a number of different methods used to surgically remove genital warts:
Cryotherapy: Also known as cryosurgery, this involves "freezing" the wart off using liquid nitrogen. The nitrogen may have to be applied suring successive visits until the warts are completely gone. Cryotherapy works on warts in both dry and moist areas, and it can be used for internal and external warts. It's mederately painful and blistering may occurr, but ingeneral response rates are high with few side effects.
Electrocautery: Also known as electrodesiccation or diathermy, this treatments destroys genital warts by burning them off using a low-voltage electrified probe. It's normally done using local anesthesia. The smoke plume that may result from the treatment can be infectious, so precautions (such as wearing a mask) must be taken.
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP): A low-voltage electrified wire in the shape of a loop is used to heat the margin of the area to be removed before separating the wart from the skin. The loop is passed underneath the wart, essentially cutting it out of the skin. LEEP can be used to treat alrge external warts or warts on the cervix. Local anesthetic insinjected beforehand.
Cutterage and scalpel excisions: Removes genital warts in a direct manner by cutting them out of the skin. The procedure can be painful and there is a risk of infection of the resulting wound.
Laser ablation: A laser is used to destroy the warts. This type of surgery is usually used as a last resource because of the how expensive it is and the increased healing time. It is also under question whether laser treatment destroys the local immune system and lowers the immune response of the affected area. This could allow repressed infections and inactive viruses (such as HPV) to become active, which could result in a higher risk of genital wart recurrences.
Unfortunately, with all surgical genital warts treatments, there is a high probability of scarring. Patients can usually get back to normal daily activity in about tree days after treatment, but they should abstain from sex or vigorous activity for the full healing time, usually two to four weeks.